The town of Misaki is a small area—just over 49 square kilometers—and 80% of the town is mountainous. The climate is typically mild, and the area sees little rainfall throughout the four seasons. The Misaki coastline offers great views of Awaji Island—which connects the Japanese mainland to the island of Shikoku—in the distance on a clear day. This area has also been voted as one of the “Top 100 Sunset Spots in Japan.” The Izumi Mountains straddle the border between Osaka and Wakayama prefectures, and provide views of lushly forested hills.
The ancient coastal town has a recorded history that dates back to the Yayoi period (300 BCE-300 CE), and relics and remains from this period can be seen at the Tannowa Ruins. A number of small keyhole-shaped burial mounds (kofun) from the Kofun period (ca. 250-552) are also scattered around the town. These burial grounds are believed to have been for high ranking individuals such as princes and emperors. Between the Kamakura period (1185-1333) and the Muromachi period (1336-1573), the town became a prominent transport hub for goods traveling along the Nankaido Highway between Kii Province (present-day Wakayama Prefecture), Awaji Island, and the island of Shikoku.
The fishing industry is of vital importance to the local economy, and residents have great pride in the abundance of fresh, delicious seafood which is landed off the coast. A number of fishing parks are located around the area, popular not just with locals, but also with domestic tourists from other parts of the Kansai region.